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CAUSES AND PREVENTIVE MEASURES OF BREAST CANCER

Breast cancer is a disease in which the cells of the breast tissues start to grow uncontrollably, which leads to the formation of tumors that are non-cancerous and cancerous. Cancerous tumor can also cause cancer in other parts of the body if it is not controlled in its early stage.

Causes of breast cancer

History of Genetics

Family history is very important in breast cancer and can increase the risk of breast cancer. Some genes mutations like BRCA1 & BRCA2, can expressively increase the probability of breast cancer.

Hormone factor

Increase in estrogen as well as progesterone for a specific period of time can lead to a breast cancer. It contains early menstrual cycle, late menopause as well as other hormonal therapies like hormone replacement therapy.

Age

The chances of breast cancer increase with age. Worldwide, most cases of breast cancer are seen in women over the age of 50.

Radiation exposure

Radiation exposure is also a cause of breast cancer. Exposure to radiation, especially at a young age, can increase the risk of breast cancer and is a cause for concern.

Factors of lifestyle

Your lifestyle can also increase the risk of breast cancer. Excessive alcohol consumption, obesity and lack of exercise can also lead to breast cancer.

Preventive measures

Now we will discuss how we can avoid breast cancer and live a better life style by making changes in our life and adopting preventive measures.

Regular screening

To avoid breast cancer, women should have regular screening so that if it is detected unfortunately, then it can be treated at early stage of breast cancer.

Healthy lifestyle

By adopting a healthy life style the risk of breast cancer can be reduced.

A healthy lifestyle includes maintaining your weight, eating a good diet, eating vegetables, whole foods, protein and regular exercise.

Reduce alcohol intake

Research has shown that excessive consumption of alcohol causes breast cancer, so if needed in some critical situations then one glass a day is enough.

Breast feeding

Science has reached the research that breastfeeding can not only prevent breast cancer, but  can also protect both the mother and the child from different diseases and proved them healthy life.

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

You can control yourself without the hormone replacement therapy or by consuming very low amount of dose recommended by doctors. But if hormone replacement therapy is done for the symptoms of menopause then it is essential to discuss its benefits as well as side effects with your doctor. Breast cancer risk can be significantly reduced by reducing the duration and dose of HRT.

Genetic Testing

Through genetic testing, many diseases can be identified before they occur and preventive measures can be taken accordingly. If you have a family history of breast cancer, you can access it through genetic testing and take preventive measures. All this is possible only through genetic testing.

Avoid radiation exposure

Breast cancer can be prevented by reducing excessive radiation exposure, most common in chest area.

Self-examination

Breast cancer can be prevented through self-examination. Women should have regular breast cancer self-examination so that preventive measures can be taken and treated in case of feeling any abnormal things in breast.

Regular medical check-up

It is very important monthly checkup for breast cancer. Try to done this job every month after 3 to 5 days of periods.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

What is breast cancer?

Breast cancer is a disease in which the cells of the breast issues start to grow uncontrollably, which leads to the formation of tumors that are non-cancerous and cancerous. Cancerous tumor can also cause cancer in other parts of the body if it is not controlled in its early stage.

Are there any signs of breast cancer?

Yes, early symptoms of breast cancer are a lump in the breast or under the arm, a change in size of breast as well as its shape, dimpling of skin, nipple discharge and pain are the early signs of breast cancer. These symptoms can be vary in different women so it is necessary to contact to your doctor quickly.

Can men get breast cancer?

Yes, of course, these are very rare cases, but men can also have breast cancer, so in view of any change in the breast, one should consult a doctor.

Is breast cancer hereditary?

Yes, breast cancer can be hereditary. Genetic testing is necessary to check for breast cancer.

What is the treatment for breast cancer?

Breast cancer can be treated via surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and immunotherapy, but treatment of breast cancer is depends on type and stage of breast cancer. So your health care professional can tell you the treatment of your breast cancer after diagnose it.

Can breast cancer be prevented?

Although there is no guarantee that breast cancer can be prevented, but some things can be done to prevent breast cancer, including a healthy lifestyle, avoiding alcohol and eating a good diet.

What’s the survival rate for breast cancer?

Although there is no guarantee that breast cancer can be prevented, some things can be done to prevent breast cancer, including a healthy lifestyle, avoiding alcohol and eating a good diet.

Can I still lead a normal life during breast cancer treatment?

The answer to this question is yes, because many patients during and after treatment live normal life.

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